Depression Has Different Presentations

Varies by Age, Severity, Duration, and Circumstance

Types of Depression Explained

A List of the Types of Depression

Clinically Significant Types of Depression

There are 12 types of depression that we discuss on this website that we believe encompass the vast majority of depression. Some types of depression are linked to medical conditions or substance abuse, while others are defined by duration. Please click on the link below for their descriptions.

Most people use the word depression casually, and are quick to say “I’m depressed” or “this is depressing.” However, true depression has specific criteria that is diagnosed by a doctor based on clear criteria. If depression is diagnosed, it should be treated promptly.

Few people realize that there are several different kinds of depression, many of which are defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The following list includes most of the various types of depression:

Major Depressive Disorder (including Major Depressive Episode)

Minor Depressive Disorder (Minor Depression)

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (seen in children under 10)

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Substance or Medication-induced Depressive Disorder

Depressive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition

Recurrent Brief Depression

Short Duration Depressive Episode

Depressive Episode with Insufficient Symptoms

Double Depression

Bipolar Depression

Each disorder listed above is characterized by dysphoria (irritable or sad mood). It should be noted that each depressive disorder represents a group of conditions with similar clinical presentations that may be difficult to distinguish, and may not necessarily have differentially targeted treatments. Remember, this website does not diagnose depression but offers this information as an education tool to better inform others. If you feel like you have depression then please tell your doctor.

For more information on the types of depression, click the link below or see our page Depression Diagnosis under the Education tab.

Types Explained


Last updated 10/01/14